Alfajores de maicena are a beloved treat in Argentina and other Latin American countries. These delicate cookies, filled with dulce de leche and coated with powdered sugar, are a delightful combination of flavors and textures. Whether you have a sweet tooth or simply want to explore the world of international cuisine, learning how to make alfajores de maicena is a must. In this article, we will guide you through the process of making these delicious cookies step by step, providing valuable insights and tips along the way.

The History of Alfajores de Maicena

Before we dive into the recipe, let’s take a moment to appreciate the rich history behind alfajores de maicena. The word “alfajor” is derived from the Arabic word “al-hasú,” which means “filled.” This hints at the Moorish influence on Spanish cuisine, which was then brought to Latin America during the colonial period.

Alfajores were originally made with honey, almonds, and spices, and were enjoyed by the Moors in Spain. When the recipe made its way to Latin America, it evolved to include local ingredients such as cornstarch (maicena) and dulce de leche, a sweet caramel-like sauce made from condensed milk.

Today, alfajores are a staple in Argentine cuisine and are enjoyed throughout the year, but especially during special occasions like birthdays, holidays, and weddings. They have also gained popularity in other countries, becoming a beloved treat for people around the world.

The Ingredients You’ll Need

Before you start making alfajores de maicena, gather the following ingredients:

  • 1 cup of cornstarch (maicena)
  • 3/4 cup of all-purpose flour
  • 1/2 cup of unsalted butter, softened
  • 1/2 cup of granulated sugar
  • 2 egg yolks
  • 1 teaspoon of vanilla extract
  • 1 teaspoon of baking powder
  • 1/4 teaspoon of salt
  • Dulce de leche for filling
  • Powdered sugar for dusting

The Step-by-Step Process

Now that you have all the ingredients ready, let’s dive into the step-by-step process of making alfajores de maicena:

Step 1: Preparing the Dough

In a mixing bowl, cream together the softened butter and granulated sugar until light and fluffy. You can use an electric mixer or do it by hand. Once the mixture is creamy, add the egg yolks and vanilla extract, and continue mixing until well combined.

In a separate bowl, whisk together the cornstarch, all-purpose flour, baking powder, and salt. Gradually add this dry mixture to the butter mixture, mixing until a soft dough forms. Be careful not to overmix, as this can make the cookies tough.

Step 2: Shaping and Baking the Cookies

Preheat your oven to 350°F (175°C). Line a baking sheet with parchment paper or silicone baking mats.

Take a small portion of the dough and roll it into a ball, about the size of a walnut. Place the balls on the prepared baking sheet, leaving some space between them to allow for spreading. Flatten each ball slightly with the palm of your hand or the bottom of a glass.

Bake the cookies for about 10-12 minutes, or until the edges are lightly golden. Keep a close eye on them, as they can quickly go from golden to burnt. Once baked, remove the cookies from the oven and let them cool completely on a wire rack.

Step 3: Filling and Assembling the Alfajores

Once the cookies have cooled, it’s time to fill them with dulce de leche. Take one cookie and spread a generous amount of dulce de leche on the flat side. Then, sandwich it with another cookie, pressing gently to distribute the filling evenly.

Repeat this process with the remaining cookies until all of them are filled and assembled into delicious alfajores.

Step 4: Dusting with Powdered Sugar

To add the finishing touch, dust the assembled alfajores with powdered sugar. You can use a fine-mesh sieve or a sifter to achieve an even coating. The powdered sugar not only adds a touch of sweetness but also enhances the visual appeal of the cookies.

Tips and Variations

Now that you know how to make traditional alfajores de maicena, here are some tips and variations to consider:

  • For an extra flavor boost, you can add a teaspoon of lemon zest or a tablespoon of cocoa powder to the dough.
  • If you prefer a softer texture, you can reduce the baking time by a couple of minutes.
  • Experiment with different fillings, such as chocolate ganache, fruit preserves, or even Nutella.
  • Consider rolling the edges of the assembled alfajores in shredded coconut or crushed nuts for added texture and flavor.


Q: Can I use margarine instead of butter?

A: While margarine can be used as a substitute for butter, it may affect the flavor and texture of the cookies. Butter provides a richer taste and a more tender crumb. If possible, it’s best to stick with unsalted butter for the best results.

Q: How long do alfajores de maicena stay fresh?

A: When stored in an airtight container at room temperature, alfajores de maicena can stay fresh for up to a week. However, they are best enjoyed within the first few days when the cookies are still at their peak freshness.

Q: Can I freeze the dough or the assembled cookies?

A: Yes, you can freeze both the dough and the assembled cookies. If freezing the dough, wrap it tightly in plastic wrap and place it in a freezer bag. Thaw it in the refrigerator before using. As for the assembled cookies, place them in an airtight container with parchment paper between each layer to prevent sticking. Thaw them at room temperature before serving.

Q: Are alfajores de maicena gluten-free?

A: Traditional alfajores de maicena are not gluten-free, as they contain all-purpose flour. However, you can experiment with gluten


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