Alfajor de Maicena is a mouthwatering delicacy that originates from Argentina. This delectable treat consists of two soft and crumbly cornstarch cookies sandwiched together with a generous layer of dulce de leche, a sweet caramel-like filling. The alfajor is then often coated in powdered sugar or dipped in chocolate, making it a truly irresistible dessert. In this article, we will explore the history, ingredients, and step-by-step process of making this traditional Argentine delight.

The History of Alfajor de Maicena

The alfajor has a long and rich history in Argentina, dating back to the 19th century. It is believed to have been brought to the country by Spanish immigrants, who adapted their traditional Moorish recipes to the local ingredients available in Argentina. Over time, the alfajor became an integral part of Argentine cuisine and a beloved treat enjoyed by people of all ages.

The Ingredients You’ll Need

To make alfajor de maicena, you will need the following ingredients:

  • 1 cup of cornstarch
  • 1 cup of all-purpose flour
  • 1/2 cup of unsalted butter, softened
  • 1/2 cup of granulated sugar
  • 2 egg yolks
  • 1 teaspoon of vanilla extract
  • 1 teaspoon of baking powder
  • Dulce de leche for filling
  • Powdered sugar or melted chocolate for coating (optional)

The Step-by-Step Process

Now that we have gathered all the necessary ingredients, let’s dive into the step-by-step process of making alfajor de maicena:

Step 1: Preparing the Dough

In a mixing bowl, cream together the softened butter and granulated sugar until light and fluffy. Add the egg yolks and vanilla extract, and continue mixing until well combined.

In a separate bowl, whisk together the cornstarch, all-purpose flour, and baking powder. Gradually add this dry mixture to the butter mixture, mixing until a soft dough forms. Be careful not to overmix, as this can result in a tougher cookie.

Step 2: Shaping and Baking the Cookies

Preheat your oven to 350°F (175°C). Line a baking sheet with parchment paper.

Take a small portion of the dough and roll it into a ball, about the size of a walnut. Place the balls onto the prepared baking sheet, leaving some space between them to allow for spreading.

Using a fork, gently press down on each ball to create a crisscross pattern on the top. This not only adds a decorative touch but also helps the cookies bake evenly.

Place the baking sheet in the preheated oven and bake for approximately 12-15 minutes, or until the edges of the cookies are lightly golden. Keep a close eye on them, as they can quickly overbake.

Step 3: Assembling the Alfajores

Once the cookies have cooled completely, it’s time to assemble the alfajores. Take one cookie and spread a generous amount of dulce de leche on the flat side. Place another cookie on top, pressing gently to create a sandwich.

If desired, you can roll the edges of the alfajor in powdered sugar or dip it in melted chocolate for an extra touch of sweetness and indulgence.


1. Can I use a different filling instead of dulce de leche?

Yes, you can experiment with different fillings according to your preference. Some popular alternatives include Nutella, fruit preserves, or even a combination of dulce de leche and chocolate ganache.

2. Can I make the cookies in advance and assemble them later?

Absolutely! The cookies can be baked ahead of time and stored in an airtight container for up to a week. When you’re ready to assemble the alfajores, simply spread the dulce de leche and proceed as usual.

3. Can I freeze the alfajores?

Yes, you can freeze the assembled alfajores for longer storage. Place them in a freezer-safe container, separating each layer with parchment paper to prevent sticking. Thaw them in the refrigerator before serving.

4. Are there any variations of alfajor de maicena?

While the classic alfajor de maicena is made with cornstarch cookies, there are several variations of this treat. Some recipes incorporate ground almonds or coconut into the dough for added flavor and texture. Others use different types of fillings, such as dulce de membrillo (quince paste) or even a creamy chocolate mousse.

5. Can I make alfajores without eggs?

Yes, you can make eggless alfajores by substituting the egg yolks with an equal amount of unsweetened applesauce or mashed bananas. This will help bind the dough together and create a soft texture.


Alfajor de Maicena is a beloved Argentine treat that combines delicate cornstarch cookies with a luscious dulce de leche filling. With its rich history and irresistible taste, it has become a staple in Argentine cuisine. By following the simple steps outlined in this article, you can recreate this traditional delicacy in your own kitchen. Whether enjoyed with a cup of coffee or shared with loved ones, alfajor de maicena is sure to delight your taste buds and transport you to the vibrant streets of Argentina.


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