When the autumn season arrives in Spain, one can’t help but be captivated by the enticing aroma of roasted chestnuts wafting through the streets. These delicious treats, known as “castañas cocidas” in Spanish, have been a beloved part of Spanish cuisine for centuries. In this article, we will explore the history, preparation, and cultural significance of castañas cocidas, as well as provide you with a step-by-step recipe to recreate this traditional Spanish delight in your own kitchen.

The History and Cultural Significance of Castañas Cocidas

Chestnuts have a long and storied history in Spain, dating back to Roman times. The Romans introduced chestnut trees to the Iberian Peninsula, and the trees quickly flourished in the favorable climate. Over the centuries, chestnuts became a staple food source for many rural communities in Spain, particularly in the northern regions.

During the Middle Ages, chestnuts played a crucial role in the Spanish diet, especially during times of scarcity. They were often ground into flour and used as a substitute for wheat flour in bread-making. Chestnuts were also a popular ingredient in traditional desserts, such as the famous “turrones” and “marron glacé.”

Today, castañas cocidas continue to hold a special place in Spanish culture. They are commonly enjoyed during the autumn and winter months, particularly during festive occasions such as Christmas markets and holiday gatherings. The act of roasting and sharing chestnuts has become a cherished tradition, bringing people together to savor the warmth and flavors of this seasonal delicacy.

Preparing Castañas Cocidas: A Step-by-Step Recipe

Now that we understand the historical and cultural significance of castañas cocidas, let’s dive into the process of preparing this traditional Spanish dish. Follow these simple steps to create your own batch of delicious roasted chestnuts:


  • 1 kilogram of fresh chestnuts
  • Water
  • Salt (optional)


  1. Start by preheating your oven to 200°C (400°F).
  2. Using a sharp knife, make a small incision on the flat side of each chestnut. This will prevent them from exploding during the cooking process.
  3. Place the chestnuts in a large bowl and cover them with water. Let them soak for about 10 minutes. This will help to soften the shells and make them easier to peel.
  4. Drain the chestnuts and pat them dry with a clean kitchen towel.
  5. Arrange the chestnuts in a single layer on a baking sheet, making sure they are not overcrowded.
  6. If desired, sprinkle a pinch of salt over the chestnuts. This will enhance their natural flavors.
  7. Place the baking sheet in the preheated oven and roast the chestnuts for approximately 20-25 minutes, or until the shells start to peel back and the flesh becomes tender.
  8. Remove the chestnuts from the oven and let them cool for a few minutes.
  9. Once they are cool enough to handle, peel the shells off the chestnuts. The easiest way to do this is by gently squeezing the chestnuts between your fingers.
  10. Enjoy your freshly roasted castañas cocidas! They are best served warm and can be enjoyed on their own or paired with a glass of Spanish red wine.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

1. Can I cook castañas cocidas on a stovetop instead of using an oven?

Yes, you can! If you don’t have access to an oven, you can cook castañas cocidas on a stovetop. Simply follow the same steps, but instead of using a baking sheet, place the chestnuts in a large pot or skillet. Cook them over medium heat, stirring occasionally, until the shells start to peel back and the flesh becomes tender.

2. Are castañas cocidas a healthy snack option?

Yes, castañas cocidas are a nutritious snack choice. Chestnuts are low in fat and calories, making them a healthier alternative to other roasted nuts. They are also a good source of dietary fiber, vitamin C, and minerals such as potassium and magnesium.

3. Can I store leftover castañas cocidas?

Absolutely! If you have any leftover castañas cocidas, you can store them in an airtight container in the refrigerator for up to 3-4 days. To reheat them, simply place them in a preheated oven or microwave for a few minutes until warmed through.

4. Are there any variations to the traditional castañas cocidas recipe?

While the classic recipe calls for roasting the chestnuts plain, you can experiment with different flavors and seasonings. For example, you can sprinkle them with cinnamon or drizzle them with honey before roasting to add a touch of sweetness. You can also try adding herbs and spices like rosemary or paprika for a savory twist.

5. Can I use frozen chestnuts to make castañas cocidas?

Yes, you can use frozen chestnuts to make castañas cocidas. Simply thaw them before cooking and follow the same steps outlined in the recipe.


Castañas cocidas, or roasted chestnuts, are a beloved part of Spanish cuisine and culture. With their rich history and delicious flavors, they have become a symbol of autumn and a cherished treat during festive occasions. By following the simple recipe provided in this article, you can recreate the magic of castañas cocidas in your own kitchen. So gather your loved ones, roast a batch of chestnuts, and savor the warmth and tradition of this delightful Spanish delicacy.


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here