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Around the world, organizations are realizing the importance of cloud computing as the penetration of cloud computing grows every day. But, the question is which countries worldwide support the spread of Cloud Computing. What country stands out in cloud computing adoption?

However, before we delve deeper into this country-wise ranking based on their cloud computing friendly policies, first, let’s understand what cloud computing is?

Cloud computing – what does it mean?

The cloud offers faster innovation, flexible resources, and economies of scale by computing services over the Internet (“the cloud”), including intelligence, databases, analytics networking, software, storage, and servers. When you use the cloud, you only pay for the services you use, meaning your operating costs will drop, you can run your infrastructure more efficiently. Additionally, you can scale your infrastructure to meet your business needs.

Cloud computing is when computer systems resources, including storage capacity and processing power, are made available on-demand, without direct user involvement. The functions of large clouds are often distributed over several different locations, each housing a data center.

Based on the need, there are different types of cloud computing:

  • Public cloud
  • Hybrid cloud
  • Private cloud

Similarly, based on how they are used, most cloud computing services fall into four categories: platform as a service (PaaS), cloud-based infrastructure (IaaS), and software as a service (SaaS). In the cloud computing world, they are sometimes referred to as the “stack” because they are built on top of one another. You’ll be better able to meet your business objectives if you know what they are and how they differ. With this being said, let’s check out the top countries globally that are supporting cloud computing readily.

Singapore

Due to the ease cloud computing provides to businesses, most companies in Singapore are using the services of Azure Singapore to deploy and manage their business operations quickly. 

Singapore has one of the most modern laws on the digital economy in the region, as well as an ambitious program of cyberlaw development. Singapore has ratified the UN Convention on Electronic Contracting, implemented by the Electronic Transactions Act 2010.

Singapore’s cybercrime laws and intellectual property laws are also up to date. However, Singapore has no privacy law, so there is no protection for personal information in cloud computing and the digital economy. And this is a significant loophole in Singapore’s legislation.

However, this gap appears to be closing with Singapore’s recent public consultation paper on potential privacy laws. Moreover, despite some minor Internet censorship, Singapore generally encourages business practices without tariffs and government restrictions.

Japan

Various laws in Japan have been enacted to support cloud computing and the digital economy. In particular, Japan was one of the first countries outside of Europe to sign the Convention against Cybercrime, paving the way for others to follow. Besides, Japan recently updated its cybercrime legislation and intends to join the Cybercrime Convention soon.

In addition to comprehensive privacy laws, Japan has comprehensive IP laws that address the entirety of protections associated with cloud computing. Moreover, Japanese standards are highly sought after globally.

Japan has a very high broadband usage rate. Currently, the government intends to ensure that all homes will have very high-speed fiber broadband connections. 

Australia

Cloud computing is not currently explicitly regulated in Australia, but the government is keen to consider cloud computing issues when developing and reforming relevant laws, standards, and regulations. Australia, for example, is a strong supporter of international cooperation, the free trade of goods and services, and collaboration. Furthermore, Australia actively develops international standards due to its critical laws based on international models.

Cybercrime is regulated in Australia, and the country is considering signing the Cybercrime Convention. Furthermore, Australia has comprehensive laws that cover electronic signatures, electronic commerce, and privacy and is considering additional updates and reforms to keep pace with technological developments and international efforts, such as the UN Convention on Electronic Contracting.

Germany

The German legislators have enacted comprehensive cybercrime legislation and are protecting intellectual property to the highest standards. As a result, cloud computing services are reasonably protected in Germany. However, the laws are due for review shortly.

It remains unclear whether web-hosting companies and access providers are liable for copyright breaches occurring on their systems under the Civil Code.

In addition to modern laws on electronic commerce, Germany also has laws on electronic signatures. German privacy laws are comprehensive but include cumbersome registration requirements that may hinder cloud computing in Germany. Germany also has 17 data protection authorities, making it challenging to implement the law.

USA

Laws covering e-commerce, electronic signatures, and cybercrime are comprehensive and up-to-date in the United States. Further, the US plays a leading role in investigating global cybercrime, which has signed and implemented the Convention on Cybercrime.

Privacy protection is handled differently in the United States, with a strong focus on enforcing individual privacy policies based on basic consumer protection laws. There are no general privacy laws in the US, and the vast majority of US companies do not fall under the limited privacy laws that exist (for example, health data privacy laws). 

Different states have varying laws requiring data breach notification, and they are common – if contradictory – at the federal level. In a breach, these inconsistencies in the state requirements are burdensome for businesses. 

Overall, the United States offers mixed protection of intellectual property. There is a strong enforcement culture in the United States, as it has signed all relevant international agreements. However, despite the conflicting decisions from multiple courts, there is considerable legal uncertainty regarding what constitutes an online copyright infringement.

Korea

Korea’s laws and standards are generally based on international models, and it has a strong commitment to promoting the digital economy. In Korea, intellectual property laws are particularly strong, enabling the development and adoption of cloud computing.

There are, however, some relevant issues that are not covered by cybercrime law. The adoption of cloud computing services in Korea will be made possible by replacing Korea’s patchwork of privacy laws with comprehensive, modern privacy laws.

Korea is not only a signatory to the WTO Government Procurement Agreement; Korea is an active advocate of free trade and open markets.

Final Words

To ensure freedom of cross-border data transfers, governments must develop a framework that meets individual countries’ privacy concerns while remaining flexible enough to enable cross-border transfers. Cloud computing can grow best if forward-looking trade agreements: explicitly prohibit limitations on the provision of cross-border data services. Providing or investing in cloud services should not be conditioned on using local computing infrastructure, such as servers. Standards and licensing requirements should not be used in a way that restricts trade, and they should apply equally to businesses, consumers, and state-owned enterprises.

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