When it comes to Italian cuisine, few dishes are as beloved and iconic as parmigiana. This classic recipe, known as parmigiana receta in Italian, is a mouthwatering combination of eggplant, tomato sauce, and cheese. With its rich flavors and comforting textures, parmigiana receta has become a staple in households around the world. In this article, we will explore the origins of parmigiana receta, its traditional preparation, and some variations that have emerged over time.

The Origins of Parmigiana Receta

The origins of parmigiana receta can be traced back to the southern regions of Italy, particularly Sicily. It is believed that the dish was first created in the 16th century, during the Spanish occupation of Sicily. The Spanish introduced eggplants to the island, and the locals quickly incorporated them into their cuisine.

Originally, parmigiana receta was made with just a few simple ingredients: eggplants, tomato sauce, and cheese. The dish was named after the cheese used in its preparation, which was typically Parmigiano-Reggiano. Over time, however, the recipe evolved, and different regions in Italy started adding their own twists to the dish.

The Traditional Preparation

The traditional preparation of parmigiana receta involves several steps, each crucial to achieving the perfect balance of flavors. Here is a step-by-step guide to making this delicious dish:

  1. Slicing and Salting the Eggplants: Start by slicing the eggplants into thin rounds. Sprinkle them with salt and let them sit for about 30 minutes. This process helps remove any bitterness from the eggplants.
  2. Frying the Eggplants: After salting, rinse the eggplants to remove the excess salt and pat them dry. Heat some olive oil in a pan and fry the eggplant slices until they turn golden brown. This step adds a crispy texture to the dish.
  3. Preparing the Tomato Sauce: While the eggplants are frying, prepare the tomato sauce. Sauté some garlic and onions in olive oil until they become translucent. Then, add crushed tomatoes, salt, pepper, and a pinch of sugar to balance the acidity. Let the sauce simmer for about 20 minutes to develop its flavors.
  4. Layering the Dish: Once the eggplants and tomato sauce are ready, it’s time to start layering the dish. Begin with a layer of tomato sauce at the bottom of a baking dish. Then, add a layer of fried eggplants, followed by a sprinkle of grated Parmigiano-Reggiano and mozzarella cheese. Repeat this process until all the ingredients are used, finishing with a layer of cheese on top.
  5. Baking: Preheat the oven to 180°C (350°F) and bake the parmigiana receta for about 30 minutes, or until the cheese is melted and golden brown.
  6. Serving: Once the parmigiana receta is out of the oven, let it cool for a few minutes before serving. Garnish with fresh basil leaves and serve it as a main course or a side dish.

Variations of Parmigiana Receta

While the traditional parmigiana receta remains a favorite, variations of the dish have emerged over time. These variations often involve substituting or adding ingredients to create new flavors and textures. Here are a few popular variations:

  • Chicken Parmigiana: In this variation, chicken breast is used instead of eggplants. The chicken is breaded, fried, and layered with tomato sauce and cheese, following the same layering technique as the traditional recipe.
  • Zucchini Parmigiana: Zucchini is a popular alternative to eggplants in parmigiana receta. The zucchini slices are prepared and layered in the same way as the traditional recipe.
  • Seafood Parmigiana: This variation incorporates seafood, such as shrimp or scallops, into the dish. The seafood is cooked separately and then layered with tomato sauce and cheese.


1. Can I make parmigiana receta ahead of time?

Yes, parmigiana receta can be made ahead of time. You can prepare the dish up until the baking step and refrigerate it overnight. When you’re ready to serve, simply bake it in the oven until heated through.

2. Can I freeze parmigiana receta?

Absolutely! Parmigiana receta freezes well. After baking, let it cool completely, then wrap it tightly in plastic wrap and aluminum foil. It can be stored in the freezer for up to three months. To reheat, thaw it in the refrigerator overnight and then bake it in the oven until heated through.

3. What can I serve with parmigiana receta?

Parmigiana receta is a versatile dish that can be served on its own as a main course or paired with other Italian favorites. It goes well with a side of pasta, such as spaghetti or penne, and a fresh green salad. Additionally, a crusty bread or garlic bread can be served alongside to soak up the delicious tomato sauce.

4. Can I use different types of cheese in parmigiana receta?

While Parmigiano-Reggiano and mozzarella are the traditional cheeses used in parmigiana receta, you can certainly experiment with other types of cheese. For example, provolone or fontina can add a unique flavor to the dish. However, it’s important to choose cheeses that melt well and complement the other ingredients.

5. Is parmigiana receta a vegetarian dish?

Yes, the traditional parmigiana receta is a vegetarian dish. However, some variations, such as chicken parmigiana, incorporate meat. If you’re looking for a vegetarian option, stick to the classic recipe or try the zucchini parmigiana variation.


Parmigiana receta is a delicious and authentic Italian dish that has stood the test of time. With its origins in Sicily, this flavorful recipe has become a favorite around the world. The traditional preparation involves layering fried eggplants with tomato sauce and cheese, resulting in a comforting and satisfying dish. While the classic recipe remains popular, variations such as chicken parmigiana and zucchini parmigiana offer new twists on the traditional flavors. Whether you’re a fan of the original recipe or eager to try a variation, parmigiana receta is sure to delight your taste buds and transport you


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