When it comes to French cuisine, there are few dishes as beloved and versatile as the Parmentier recipe. Named after Antoine-Augustin Parmentier, a French pharmacist and nutritionist, this dish has become a staple in French households and restaurants alike. In this article, we will explore the history of the Parmentier recipe, its various adaptations, and provide you with a step-by-step guide to create your own mouthwatering Parmentier dish.

The History of Parmentier Recipe

The Parmentier recipe traces its roots back to the 18th century when Antoine-Augustin Parmentier popularized the use of potatoes in French cuisine. During this time, potatoes were considered a lowly and unappetizing food, primarily used as animal feed. However, Parmentier recognized the nutritional value and culinary potential of potatoes and set out to change public opinion.

Parmentier’s efforts to promote potatoes included hosting lavish dinners where he served various potato dishes to influential guests, including King Louis XVI. He also published several books and pamphlets extolling the virtues of potatoes and sharing recipes that showcased their versatility.

Thanks to Parmentier’s relentless advocacy, potatoes gradually gained acceptance in French society. The Parmentier recipe, which typically features mashed or diced potatoes as a base, became a popular way to incorporate this once-disdained vegetable into French cuisine.

Adaptations of Parmentier Recipe

While the traditional Parmentier recipe consists of a potato-based dish, it has evolved over time to include various adaptations and variations. Here are some popular adaptations of the Parmentier recipe:

1. Hachis Parmentier

Hachis Parmentier is perhaps the most well-known adaptation of the Parmentier recipe. It is a comforting and hearty dish that combines ground meat, typically beef or lamb, with a layer of mashed potatoes on top. The dish is then baked until the potatoes form a golden crust. Hachis Parmentier is often compared to shepherd’s pie, a similar British dish.

2. Fish Parmentier

For seafood lovers, Fish Parmentier offers a delightful twist on the classic recipe. Instead of meat, this adaptation features flaky fish, such as cod or salmon, layered with mashed potatoes and baked to perfection. The combination of tender fish and creamy potatoes creates a harmonious blend of flavors.

3. Vegetable Parmentier

Vegetable Parmentier is an excellent option for vegetarians or those looking to incorporate more plant-based meals into their diet. This adaptation replaces the meat or fish with a medley of roasted or sautéed vegetables, such as carrots, zucchini, and bell peppers. The vegetables are then topped with mashed potatoes and baked until golden and bubbly.

How to Make Parmentier Recipe

Now that you’re familiar with the history and adaptations of the Parmentier recipe, let’s dive into the step-by-step process of creating your own delicious Parmentier dish:


  • 2 pounds of potatoes
  • 1 pound of ground beef
  • 1 onion, finely chopped
  • 2 cloves of garlic, minced
  • 1 cup of beef or vegetable broth
  • 1 tablespoon of butter
  • 1/2 cup of milk
  • Salt and pepper to taste


  1. Peel and dice the potatoes into small cubes. Place them in a pot of salted water and bring to a boil. Cook until the potatoes are tender, then drain and set aside.
  2. In a separate pan, heat the butter over medium heat. Add the chopped onion and minced garlic, and sauté until they become translucent and fragrant.
  3. Add the ground beef to the pan and cook until browned. Season with salt and pepper to taste.
  4. Pour the beef or vegetable broth into the pan and simmer for a few minutes until the liquid reduces slightly.
  5. In a separate pot, heat the milk over low heat. Add the cooked potatoes and mash them until smooth and creamy. Season with salt and pepper.
  6. Preheat your oven to 375°F (190°C).
  7. Transfer the cooked ground beef mixture to a baking dish and spread it evenly. Top with the mashed potatoes, smoothing the surface with a spoon.
  8. Bake in the preheated oven for 25-30 minutes, or until the top is golden and the dish is heated through.
  9. Remove from the oven and let it cool for a few minutes before serving.

Enjoy your homemade Parmentier dish with a side of fresh salad or steamed vegetables for a complete and satisfying meal.


1. Can I use different types of meat in the Hachis Parmentier?

Yes, you can use different types of meat in the Hachis Parmentier. While beef and lamb are the traditional choices, you can experiment with other meats such as chicken, turkey, or even a combination of meats for added flavor.

2. Can I make a vegetarian version of the Hachis Parmentier?

Absolutely! To make a vegetarian version of the Hachis Parmentier, you can substitute the ground meat with plant-based alternatives like textured vegetable protein (TVP) or lentils. Simply cook the vegetarian protein source with onions, garlic, and your choice of seasonings before layering it with mashed potatoes.

3. Can I freeze Parmentier leftovers?

Yes, Parmentier dishes freeze well and can be a convenient option for meal prepping or saving leftovers. Make sure to store the dish in an airtight container or freezer-safe bag, and it can be kept in the freezer for up to three months. When ready to enjoy, thaw the dish in the refrigerator overnight and reheat in the oven until heated through.

4. Are there any gluten-free variations of the Parmentier recipe?

Yes, the Parmentier recipe can easily be made gluten-free. Simply ensure that the broth used is gluten-free, and if you prefer a crispy topping, you can use gluten-free breadcrumbs or a mixture of grated cheese and gluten-free flour.

5. Can I add additional vegetables to the Parmentier recipe?

Absolutely! The Parmentier recipe is highly adaptable, and you can


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