Are you looking to impress your guests with a delicious and elegant dish? Look no further than the classic Cordon Bleu. This delectable dish originated in Switzerland and has since become a staple in French cuisine. In this article, we will explore the history of Cordon Bleu, its traditional recipe, and some variations that you can try. So, put on your apron and get ready to embark on a culinary adventure!

The History of Cordon Bleu

The term “Cordon Bleu” originally referred to a prestigious order of knights in France, known for their exceptional skills and expertise. In the culinary world, the term was first used to describe a cooking school in Paris, founded in 1895 by Marthe Distel. The school aimed to provide professional training to aspiring chefs and elevate the standards of French cuisine.

Over time, the term “Cordon Bleu” became associated with a specific dish that was taught at the school. This dish consisted of a breaded and fried chicken breast, filled with ham and cheese. The combination of flavors and textures made it an instant hit among food enthusiasts.

The Traditional Cordon Bleu Recipe

The traditional Cordon Bleu recipe is relatively simple, but it requires precision and attention to detail to achieve the perfect balance of flavors. Here is a step-by-step guide to creating this culinary masterpiece:

  1. Start by flattening a chicken breast using a meat mallet. This will ensure that the chicken cooks evenly and creates a uniform thickness.
  2. Season the chicken breast with salt and pepper on both sides.
  3. Place a slice of ham and a slice of cheese on top of the chicken breast.
  4. Carefully roll the chicken breast, enclosing the ham and cheese inside.
  5. Secure the rolled chicken breast with toothpicks to prevent it from unraveling during cooking.
  6. In a separate bowl, beat an egg and season it with salt and pepper.
  7. Dip the rolled chicken breast into the beaten egg, ensuring that it is fully coated.
  8. Next, coat the chicken breast with breadcrumbs, pressing gently to ensure they adhere to the surface.
  9. Heat oil in a pan over medium heat and carefully place the breaded chicken breast into the pan.
  10. Cook the chicken for about 5-6 minutes on each side, or until it is golden brown and cooked through.
  11. Remove the toothpicks before serving to avoid any accidents.

Voila! Your Cordon Bleu is ready to be served. The combination of tender chicken, savory ham, and melted cheese is sure to delight your taste buds.

Variations of Cordon Bleu

While the traditional Cordon Bleu recipe is undoubtedly delicious, there are several variations that you can explore to add your own twist to this classic dish. Here are a few ideas:

  • Vegetarian Cordon Bleu: Replace the chicken with a thick slice of eggplant or portobello mushroom. Fill it with a combination of vegetables and cheese, and follow the same breading and frying process.
  • Seafood Cordon Bleu: Swap the chicken for a fillet of fish, such as sole or cod. Fill it with shrimp or crab meat, and proceed with the recipe as usual.
  • Italian Cordon Bleu: Instead of ham and cheese, use prosciutto and mozzarella. Add a sprinkle of dried oregano and basil to infuse it with Italian flavors.

These variations allow you to experiment with different ingredients and cater to various dietary preferences, while still capturing the essence of the classic Cordon Bleu.


1. Can I use a different type of meat for Cordon Bleu?

Yes, you can use different types of meat, such as pork or veal, as a substitute for chicken. The cooking time may vary slightly, so make sure to adjust accordingly.

2. Can I bake Cordon Bleu instead of frying it?

While frying is the traditional method for cooking Cordon Bleu, you can also bake it in the oven. Preheat the oven to 375°F (190°C) and place the breaded chicken on a baking sheet. Bake for approximately 25-30 minutes, or until the chicken is cooked through and the breadcrumbs are golden brown.

3. What side dishes pair well with Cordon Bleu?

Cordon Bleu pairs well with a variety of side dishes. Some popular options include mashed potatoes, steamed vegetables, or a fresh green salad. The mild flavors of the dish allow it to complement a wide range of accompaniments.

4. Can I prepare Cordon Bleu in advance?

Yes, you can prepare Cordon Bleu in advance and refrigerate it until you are ready to cook. Make sure to wrap the breaded chicken tightly in plastic wrap or store it in an airtight container to prevent it from drying out.

5. Can I freeze Cordon Bleu?

Yes, you can freeze Cordon Bleu for future use. After breading the chicken, place it on a baking sheet and freeze until firm. Once frozen, transfer the chicken to a freezer bag or container. When you are ready to cook, thaw the chicken in the refrigerator overnight before frying or baking.


Cordon Bleu is a timeless dish that continues to captivate food lovers around the world. Its origins in French and Swiss cuisine, coupled with its versatility and delicious flavors, make it a perfect choice for any occasion. Whether you stick to the traditional recipe or explore different variations, Cordon Bleu is sure to impress your guests and leave them craving for more. So, put your culinary skills to the test and indulge in the exquisite flavors of Cordon Bleu!


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