Argentina is known for its rich culinary heritage, and one of the most beloved treats in the country is the alfajor de maicena. This delectable cookie sandwich is made with cornstarch and filled with dulce de leche, creating a melt-in-your-mouth experience that is hard to resist. In this article, we will explore the history of the alfajor de maicena, its ingredients and preparation, and why it has become such a popular dessert in Argentina.

The History of Alfajores in Argentina

Alfajores have a long history that dates back to the Moorish occupation of Spain. The Moors introduced a sweet treat called “al-hasú” to the Iberian Peninsula, which eventually evolved into the alfajor we know today. When the Spanish colonized Argentina, they brought this delicious treat with them, and it quickly became a favorite among the locals.

Over time, the alfajor recipe in Argentina underwent some modifications to suit local tastes and ingredients. The traditional Spanish recipe used honey and almonds, but in Argentina, cornstarch and dulce de leche became the star ingredients. This adaptation gave birth to the alfajor de maicena, which has become an iconic dessert in the country.

The Ingredients and Preparation of Alfajor de Maicena

The alfajor de maicena is made with simple yet flavorful ingredients that come together to create a delightful treat. Here are the key components:

1. Cornstarch

The main ingredient in the alfajor de maicena is cornstarch, also known as maicena in Spanish. Cornstarch gives the cookies a delicate and crumbly texture that melts in your mouth. It is important to use high-quality cornstarch to achieve the perfect consistency.

2. Dulce de Leche

Dulce de leche is a sweet caramel-like spread made from condensed milk. It is a staple in Argentine cuisine and is used in various desserts, including the alfajor de maicena. The creamy and rich dulce de leche filling adds a luscious sweetness to the cookies.

3. Powdered Sugar

Powdered sugar is used to dust the alfajores, giving them a beautiful and elegant appearance. It also adds a touch of sweetness to complement the dulce de leche filling.

4. Vanilla Extract

Vanilla extract is added to the cookie dough to enhance the flavor and aroma of the alfajores. It adds a subtle hint of sweetness and depth to the overall taste.

Now that we know the key ingredients, let’s dive into the step-by-step preparation of the alfajor de maicena:

  1. In a mixing bowl, cream together butter and powdered sugar until light and fluffy.
  2. Add egg yolks and vanilla extract to the butter mixture and mix well.
  3. In a separate bowl, combine cornstarch, flour, and baking powder.
  4. Add the dry ingredients to the butter mixture and mix until a soft dough forms.
  5. Wrap the dough in plastic wrap and refrigerate for at least 30 minutes.
  6. Preheat the oven to 350°F (180°C) and line a baking sheet with parchment paper.
  7. Roll out the dough on a lightly floured surface to a thickness of about 1/4 inch (0.6 cm).
  8. Using a round cookie cutter, cut out circles from the dough and place them on the prepared baking sheet.
  9. Bake for 10-12 minutes or until the edges are lightly golden.
  10. Allow the cookies to cool completely before assembling the alfajores.
  11. To assemble, spread a generous amount of dulce de leche on the bottom side of one cookie and sandwich it with another cookie.
  12. Dust the assembled alfajores with powdered sugar.
  13. Repeat the process with the remaining cookies.
  14. Enjoy your homemade alfajor de maicena!

The Popularity of Alfajor de Maicena in Argentina

The alfajor de maicena has gained immense popularity in Argentina and has become a staple in bakeries and households across the country. Here are a few reasons why this delightful treat has captured the hearts and taste buds of Argentinians:

1. Nostalgia and Tradition

The alfajor de maicena is deeply rooted in Argentine culture and tradition. It is often associated with childhood memories and family gatherings. Many Argentinians have fond memories of enjoying alfajores with their loved ones, which adds to its nostalgic appeal.

2. Versatility

One of the reasons for the alfajor de maicena’s popularity is its versatility. While the traditional version consists of cornstarch cookies filled with dulce de leche, there are countless variations available. Some alfajores are coated in chocolate, while others are filled with different flavors such as coconut or fruit jams. This versatility allows for endless creativity and ensures that there is an alfajor to suit every taste.

3. Gift Giving

Alfajores are often given as gifts in Argentina, especially during special occasions like birthdays, holidays, and weddings. The beautifully packaged alfajores make for a thoughtful and delicious present that is sure to impress.


1. Can I use a different filling for the alfajor de maicena?

Yes, you can experiment with different fillings to personalize your alfajores. Some popular alternatives to dulce de leche include Nutella, fruit jams, and even peanut butter.

2. How long do alfajores stay fresh?

When stored in an airtight container, alfajores can stay fresh for up to two weeks. However, they are best enjoyed within the first few days of preparation when the cookies are at their peak freshness.

3. Can I freeze alfajores?

Yes, you can freeze alfajores for longer storage. Place them in an airtight container or freezer bag and freeze for up to three months. Thaw them at room temperature before serving.

4. Are alfajores gluten-free?

The traditional alfajor de maicena recipe is gluten-free since it uses cornstarch instead of wheat flour. However, it is essential to check the labels of store-bought alfajores or any variations you make to ensure they are gluten-free.


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